You can propagate plumeria plants to increase your plant collection or to share this beautiful plant with your friends. An easier way to plant one of the best tropical plants is by using plumeria cuttings, though, you can grow from seeds as well.
In this article, we’ll go over several plumeria propagation methods, show you when and how to take plumeria cuttings, and then show you step-by-step produce to grow a plumeria plant from a cutting.
Ways of Plumeria Propagation
You may grow a new plumeria plant using one of two methods: from seeds or by rooting plumeria cuttings. We will discuss both in this post.
How to Plant Plumeria from Cuttings?
The process of using a plumeria cutting to grow a new plant is quite basic. The best part is that you don’t need to be an experienced gardener to enjoy the benefits of this tropical beauty by choosing healthy cuttings. Plumeria cuttings are the only way to reproduce cultivars while retaining all of the desired characteristics of the parent.
When to Take a Plumeria Cutting?
You can take a plumeria cutting at any time of year, however, the best time to propagate plumeria plants is during their active growing season, which is spring and summer.
Although you can store plumeria cuttings for months in a dry and warm location, it is not recommended. The chances of the best results increase when you allow rooting plumeria cuttings within a few weeks.
From Where to Source a Plumeria Cutting?
To take a plumeria cutting, you can select any plant that has limbs. Choose strong, sturdy plumeria branch tips for cuts. Plumeria cuttings that are 12 to 18 inches in length and have a part of grey barked wood are preferable. If you take a shorter cutting, you can have a harder time establishing roots and will take longer to reach flowering size.
Cuts should be made at an oblique angle to the limb. It helps in two ways: one, it provides an additional root callus development area for the cutting, and second, having an angled surface on the donor plant limb prevents water from collecting on its surface.
Equipment to Make Cutting
To make the cuts, use an extremely sharp knife, pruners, garden shears, or a saw. To avoid introducing infections, sanitize the cutting instruments with rubbing alcohol in between cuts.
How to Root Plumeria Cuttings?
To limit moisture loss, remove all except the apical leaves from the donor plant cutting. Leave the cutting in a warm, dry spot for at least three days to allow the cut surface to dry and seal itself. Leaving it for a week is even better. Don’t forget to wrap the ends of the cuttings with plastic wrap.
When you are ready to root plumeria cuttings, dip the cut end of the cuttings in a rooting hormone with a fungicide. It should be planted shallowly in sand or potting soil, etc. with good drainage. Support your cutting(s) with a stick or by allowing it to rest against its container’s side.
Water sparingly but thoroughly to keep the potting soil wet. For the best results and future healthy flower buds, place the newly planted cutting in direct sunlight. It takes one or more years for cuttings to produce flowers.
How to Plant Plumeria Seeds?
The fact that you don’t know the results while propagating via seed is an issue. The bloom might be identical to or dissimilar to the parent plant. This might be annoying, especially, if you want to grow a specific plumeria plant.
However, if you prefer to use seeds over growing plumeria from cuttings, this section is for you. We will discuss how to grow plumeria plants with seeds here.
When cultivating plumeria plants from seeds, seed selection is crucial. Here are a few things to think about before finalizing the selection:
- Flowers: Color, size, keeping quality (how long it lasts after plucking), scent, etc.
- Tree: Habits of growth, size, etc.
- Leaves: Size, color, etc.
- Bloom: Inflorescence/flower stalk size, number of flowers blooming at the same time, length of bloom, quality, etc.
To get the best results from seeds:
- Seeds should be purchased from reputable producers.
- When feasible, get all of the seeds from the same pod.
- Choose seeds from a healthy tree.
- Find out if the plant was cross-pollinated, manually pollinated, or naturally pollinated.
How to Prepare Seeds for Propagating Plumeria?
Follow these tried-and-true techniques to grow your plumeria from seeds:
Soften the Seeds in Water
To speed up the germination process, you need to moisten the seeds.
Placing the seeds between wet tissue sheets is the simplest method. Place them in a warm place for 24 hours. The thicker section of the seeds will enlarge, as will the thinner part. The seeds are now ready to be planted.
Prepare the Potting Mixture
In the meanwhile, prepare your own potting mix or purchase it ready-made from a nursery. You can use 1/3 of peat moss, 1/3 perlite, and 1/3 decomposed pine bark. Another good potting mix is 1/4 peat moss, 1/4 perlite, 1/4 coir, and 1/4 decomposed pine bark.
Transplant the Prepared Seeds
Make a tiny hole in the potting mixture by moistening it. Push the plumeria seed into the mix gently, approximately 0.2 inches (5mm) deep. Make sure the seed wing is at the top and the swelling end is at the bottom. Allow a portion of this wing to protrude from the earth. Gently push the earth against the plumeria seed’s side.
Make a Greenhouse Effect
To make a mini-greenhouse, place these pots in an empty plastic container and cover them. Put it somewhere warm and well-lit, but ensure your seeds are not placed under direct sunlight.
Wait for Germination
It might take anything from seven days to over a month for seeds to germinate, depending on how fresh they are.
Most of the time, the husk remains connected to the leaf when it emerges. As the leaves become larger, they will fall off. The husk will normally come off on its own, however, this may not happen quickly enough in some cases. The seedlings may rot and perish if these husks are not removed off the cotyledons (the embryonic first leaves of the seedling).
Treat any seedlings that show indications of mold during the germination phase with a moderate fungicide right away.
Transplant the Seedlings
You can start transplanting the seedlings to a larger pot after you observe a fresh set of leaves and the seedling is more than three inches tall. Transfer it to the new, larger pot with the peat moss (or your potting soil).
Place the Plants in Direct Sunlight
Plumeria, also known as Frangipani, thrives in direct sunshine, but it must be introduced gradually. This moving transition time’ from shaded to direct and brighter sunshine should last approximately a week.
Begin by placing them in a shaded spot. Allow them to sit for a few hours. For the next several days, increase the exposure period until it is a full day exposure but still in the shadow. During this time, gently nudge the plants to bring them closer to the full sun. The plants will be ready to be exposed to full sunshine on a daily basis after a week of this.
How to Plant a Plumeria Tree
Although Plumeria trees are tropical plants and prefer warm climates, you can grow plumeria in other climates as well under the right growing conditions.
Choose Your Planting Location
Your plumeria will thrive in full sun or partial shade. Because plumerias are not extremely cold-tolerant, try placing them in a container with drainage holes so you can bring them inside during the winter.
Plant When it is Warm:
Plant your plumeria in the early spring or any time during the growing season when the temperature is warm.
Prepare the Soil:
Choose a moderately acidic, well-draining soil combination like cactus potting mix or potting soil with perlite and sand.
Plant the Plumeria Tree:
Plant the plumeria tree in the soil with the root ball flush with the earth, digging a hole as deep and as broad as the root ball. Fill the hole and pat down the soil before covering and watering. Soak the soil until it is damp but not soggy.
How to Plant Plumeria in Ground
In areas where they are winter hardy, plumeria cuttings can be planted directly into the ground. To produce plumeria from cuttings in the ground, you don’t need any additional equipment or supplies.
Simply plant the cutting’s base in the earth. To a depth of 3 inches, the soil should drain effectively. When the roots are forming, do not water the cutting for several weeks; five or six weeks.
When leaves develop, begin softly watering the cutting. Once the leaves have fully formed, you may water as usual. Plumeria cuttings can take one to three years to blossom, however, this is often faster than planting plumeria seeds.
While planting a plumeria tree, dig a hole twice as broad and deep as the root mass for the new bed. Fill the bottom of the hole with loose dirt and place the roots on top of it in a cone shape.
When to Plant Plumeria
Plant your plumeria in the early spring or any time during the growing season when the temperature is warm.
The Best Time to Plant Plumeria Cuttings
When plumeria cuttings are coming up from dormancy in the spring, it’s the optimum time to start them. Early summers to mid-summer is also a good time to plant your cuttings. If you are using cultivars that root easily, you can wait until late summer. The later you begin a cutting, the less likely you are to be able to address any difficulties that may arise.
The Best Time to Plant Plumeria Seeds
Plumeria seeds grow best in the spring, although they may germinate at any time if given enough moisture and kept at a temperature above 60 degrees.
When to Plant Plumeria Tree?
For planting a plumeria tree, the best time is early spring. They do best in a warmer season when the temperature is between 65 to 80 degrees F.
When Should You Plant Plumeria in Ground?
If you want to plant plumeria in-ground, the best months of the year for this purpose are March, April, and May. You should do it early in the season, but make sure it is past frost.
Where to Plant Plumeria?
Generally, plumeria needs well-drained soil and full sun to thrive. Let’s see where should you plant your cuttings, seeds, etc.
Where Should You Plant Plumeria Cuttings?
While planting a cutting, use your finger to poke a hole in the center of the potting soil and insert your cutting – up to 1 1/2 inches to 2 inches deep.
Place the potted cutting in a warm, well-ventilated area with lots of indirect light. It’s a good idea to sit on a patio with filtered light or beneath a shade tree. It should be kept away from direct sunlight.
The Best Place to Plant Plumeria Seeds
Wet the mixture until it holds together but isn’t dripping wet. Fill individual pots or flats with the potting mix that has been produced. Push the plumeria seed into the mix gently, approximately 0.2 inches (5mm) deep. Make sure the seed wing is at the top and the swelling end is at the bottom. Place the planted pots or flats in a warm, sunny location with temperatures above 60 degrees F (15.5 degrees C).
Where to Plant Plumeria Tree?
Plumeria thrives in pots since they need to be protected from temperatures below 33 degrees. Place your Plumeria in direct sunlight for at least 6-8 hours every day, with some afternoon shade if necessary. These plants require well-drained potting soil.
Insert the angled end of the cutting into a 2 or 3-inch deep hole. Backfill around the cutting and firm the soil while holding it upright.
What is the Best Place to Plant in Ground?
Plumerias are frost-sensitive and may only be grown outside year-round in plant hardiness zones 9 to 11. These plants bloom best in full light, with at least a half-worth day exposure.
When planting plumerias in the ground, keep them 10 to 20 feet apart so that their roots have enough room to flourish. A root ball can be planted in a hole the same depth as the roots but 2 to 3 times the breadth.
What to Plant with Plumeria?
Wondering what plants you can grow with your plumeria? Here is a quick list that you can grow around this plant without harming each other.
- Elephant ears
- Alamo fire
- Yellow petunias
- White petunias
There are many other plants that you can grow with or near your plumeria. However, it is better to research a little before choosing the companion of your plant so all can grow healthy.
What Types of Soil is Best to Plant Plumeria?
Plumerias should be planted in well-drained soil. As a good soil media, the cactus mix is not only simple but effective as well. Use a coarse, well-draining potting mix for growing plumeria plants in containers. Root rot is a usual problem in plumerias when grown in heavy soils. Therefore, in order to give oxygenation and acidity to this heavy soil, peat moss and perlite should be added.
The Last Words
Plumeria is a beautiful plant that you can grow as an ornamental plant in your outdoor and indoor garden. It is an easy-to-maintain tropical plant that can grow well when provided the right conditions to grow. By following the above-mentioned ways, you plant plumeria from cuttings as well as seeds. If you have any questions regarding planting plumeria, get in touch with us. Happy planting!